Gothic rock and Neo-psychedelia Around this time, acts such as Public Image Ltd, the Pop Group and the Slits had begun experimenting with dance music, dub production techniques and the avant-garde,  while punk-indebted Manchester acts such as Joy Division , The Fall , the Durutti Column and A Certain Ratio developed unique styles which drew on a similarly disparate range of influences across music and modernist art. But I don't want to be categorised in any other term but punk! One band to emerge from post-punk was U2 ,  which infused elements of religious imagery and political commentary into its often anthemic music.
Early years[ edit ] Further information: During the punk era, a variety of entrepreneurs interested in local punk-influenced music scenes began founding independent record labels, including Rough Trade founded by record shop owner Geoff Travis , Factory founded by Manchester -based television personality Tony Wilson ,  and Fast Product co-founded by Bob Last and Hilary Morrison. New Pop British post-punk entered the s with support from members of the critical community—American critic Greil Marcus characterised "Britain's postpunk pop avant-garde" in a Rolling Stone article as "sparked by a tension, humour and sense of paradox plainly unique in present day pop music"  —as well as media figures such as BBC DJ John Peel , while several groups, such as PiL and Joy Division, achieved some success in the popular charts. Writers like Morley began advocating "overground brightness" instead of the experimental sensibilities promoted in early years. But I don't want to be categorised in any other term but punk! Ballard , avant-garde political scenes such as Situationism and Dada , and intellectual movements such as postmodernism. In the early s, Downtown Manhattan's no wave scene transitioned from its abrasive origins into a more dance-oriented sound, with compilations such as ZE Records ' Mutant Disco highlighting a newly playful sensibility borne out of the city's clash of hip hop , disco and punk styles, as well as dub reggae and world music influences. Further developments[ edit ] See also: Jeczalik , the Art of Noise , would attempt to bring sampled and electronic sounds to the pop mainstream. Post-punk revival At the turn of the 21st century, a post-punk revival developed in British and American alternative and indie rock , which soon started appearing in other countries, as well. Savage described some of these early developments as exploring "harsh urban scrapings", "controlled white noise " and "massively accented drumming". That's where I come from and that's where I'm staying. Talking Heads were one of the only American post-punk bands to reach both a large cult audience and the mainstream. Many of these groups would continue recording as part of the new pop movement, with entryism becoming a popular concept. The two groups frequently collaborated. Decline[ edit ] The original post-punk movement ended as the bands associated with the movement turned away from its aesthetics, often in favor of more commercial sounds such as new wave. In the music press, the increasingly esoteric writing of post-punk publications soon began to alienate their readerships; it is estimated that within several years, NME suffered the loss of half its circulation. No wave Devo performing in The earliest sign of a revival was the emergence of various underground bands in the mids. Art punk and New wave music Post-punk is a diverse genre  that emerged from the cultural milieu of punk rock in the late s. Gothic rock and Neo-psychedelia Around this time, acts such as Public Image Ltd, the Pop Group and the Slits had begun experimenting with dance music, dub production techniques and the avant-garde,  while punk-indebted Manchester acts such as Joy Division , The Fall , the Durutti Column and A Certain Ratio developed unique styles which drew on a similarly disparate range of influences across music and modernist art. A pioneering punk scene in Australia during the mids also fostered influential post-punk acts like the Birthday Party , who eventually relocated to the UK to join its burgeoning music scene. Though the music varied widely between regions and artists, the post-punk movement has been characterized by its "conceptual assault" on rock conventions   and rejection of aesthetics perceived of as traditionalist ,  hegemonic  or rockist  in favor of experimentation with production techniques and non-rock musical styles such as dub ,  funk ,   electronic music ,  disco ,  noise , free jazz ,  world music  and the avant-garde. However, the first commercially successful bands — The Strokes , Franz Ferdinand , Interpol and Editors — surfaced in the late s to early s, as did several dance-oriented bands such as the Rapture , Radio 4 and LCD Soundsystem. As these scenes began to develop, British music publications such as NME and Sounds developed an influential part in the nascent post-punk culture, with writers like Savage, Paul Morley and Ian Penman developing a dense and often playful style of criticism that drew on philosophy, radical politics and an eclectic variety of other sources. One band to emerge from post-punk was U2 ,  which infused elements of religious imagery and political commentary into its often anthemic music.
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