Blake's team noted that the 'moment in time' nature of their research - as opposed to a before and after study - was a limitation, stating that the findings do not prove that condom availability programs influence the sexual behaviour of young people. Unlike many condom availability programs, this one did not require parental consent, so all students were allowed to take condoms. Condom availability in New York City schools. In addition, the section covering respondents' own sexual behavior began with instructions telling them what page to turn to if they preferred to skip the entire section. Adolescents like adults may overreport socially desirable activities and underreport socially undesirable ones, particularly when reporting on their sexual behavior.
Sex education at school, Health Dimension - ABC TV 8 Apr Making condoms available in high schools does not increase sexual activity among students, but does raise their use by those already sexually active, a study of U. The authors are indebted to the students, parents, school and district personnel and school board members who Disclaimer. The baseline and follow-up surveys covered demographic information; knowledge, attitudes and beliefs about sex, HIV and other STDs, pregnancy and contraception; specific sexual behaviors; and condom use. Furthermore, many students who had never had vaginal intercourse had obtained school condoms and examined them in some way. Thus, such programs may have their greatest impact on adolescents who have the least experience with vaginal intercourse. These findings could also reflect a greater willingness among females to report these activities at the follow-up survey, perhaps because of the schoolwide experience from the baseline survey that answers did in fact remain anonymous and confidential. Blake and colleagues analyzed sexual risk behavior data from the Massachusetts Youth Risk Behavior Survey with the goal of seeing how students attending schools with condom availability programs differed from those whose schools lacked such programs. The impact of sex education on sexual activity, contraceptive use and premarital pregnancy among American teenagers. A meta-analysis of condom effectiveness in reducing sexually transmitted HIV. Approximately half of all adolescents in grades nine through 12 report that they have had sex, with nearly 60 percent using condoms during their most recent sexual encounter, according to research cited in the study. The study compared the behaviour of students attending schools where condoms were freely obtainable with those from schools where none were available. One reason for this difference between males and females may be that the types of sexual activity assessed in this study did not necessarily take place with partners from the same school. The percentage of females reporting fellatio with ejaculation, cunnilingus with a male partner and anal intercourse increased significantly, generally moving closer to percentages reported by males. The measure of the perceived percentage of students in the respondents' grade who used condoms every time during vaginal intercourse increased from 2. Shifts in attitudes, while slight in magnitude, suggest that engaging in sexual activity became less normative and using condoms more normative in the year during which the evaluation took place. Nonetheless, we know of no changes or events in the school community, other than the condom availability program, that would account for the large increase in male condom use during this period. The New York evaluation had a comparison group but no baseline survey, whereas ours had baseline and follow-up surveys but no comparison group. Our findings suggest that interventions aimed at increasing condom use may be effectively targeted at males. The association of AIDS education and sex education with sexual behavior and condom use among teenage men. Hopes for increases in condom use, however, were only partially realized. Our tests for statistically significant changes were somewhat conservative, but our findings are consistent with those of two previous reports. The prevention of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome in the United States. The researchers also found no differences in perceived access to condoms between those who could get condoms at school and those who couldn't. If other factors did influence participation, and if these factors were correlated with the outcome variables, then weighting would not adjust for the bias introduced by differential nonresponse. Some other characteristic measured or unmeasured may have influenced the probability of participation in the follow-up survey. To calculate the actual weights, we analyzed all responses from the baseline and follow-up surveys combined.
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