A four storey granary at the north-east corner of the preceptory complex is described in detail since it encapsulates many damage mechanisms and repair strategies which are common to historic rammed earth. His eldest son Stephen had died ten years earlier and Raymond left only daughters; the Salic law did not apply to dauphinoise land so the eldest, Burguette, became Lady Ambel and her husband, Raymond de la Villette was Lord "of his wife's head" until his death. When creating the Castellany in , Ambel was part of Corps.
This rammed earth was originally rendered and scored to imitate fired brick but almost all of this has now fallen away. In their two sons, John and Aymar de la Villette, become co-lords of Ambel on the death of their mother and sold the lordship to Jean de Bonne,  whose eldest son Peter in gave rights to his brother Reynaud over Monestier which then became a separate lordship. Abstract This paper examines the possible causes of damage to historic rammed earth structures based on a case study of a medieval and later building, formerly a preceptory of the Military Orders, in the village of Ambel in Aragon, north-east Spain. The other three sisters, Clemence, Lantelme, and Catherine inherited the lands of high- Valgaudemar which entered the family by the marriage of their great-uncle Henri to Alix de Bonne. Ardradus, son of Bysardon, had a son Eldrade ? Toponymy[ edit ] Ambel takes its name from the Latin root amb- meaning "with two sides" which refers to the geographical position of the village on a promontory between the Souloise and the Drac valleys: The Viennese were Catholic. Ambilis in Taraone in low-Latin, Hembel or Hembellum in the 15th century. The lordship was transmitted through four generations of the Ambel family until the death of Raymond III around Marc-Richard, his son, was deposed by the French Revolution. When creating the Castellany in , Ambel was part of Corps. Peter had, by concession from the Dauphin , high, middle, and low jurisdiction rights over Ambel. Since a number of repair strategies have already been attempted on this structure, their effectiveness is also discussed. The gable end of the building has fired brick quoins, and now leans outwards slightly at the head of the wall. The Wars of religion raged in Ambel: The granary tower has a random rubble foundation, which is probably in part the remains of previous building, with rammed earth walls for the three storeys above. A four storey granary at the north-east corner of the preceptory complex is described in detail since it encapsulates many damage mechanisms and repair strategies which are common to historic rammed earth. Structural and water-based mechanisms of damage are reviewed and an engineering basis for the cause of damage is proposed. Clemence's land remained known as Clemence-d'Ambel until the middle of the 20th century. A ferry link was attempted, but abandoned after a capsize. His eldest son Stephen had died ten years earlier and Raymond left only daughters; the Salic law did not apply to dauphinoise land so the eldest, Burguette, became Lady Ambel and her husband, Raymond de la Villette was Lord "of his wife's head" until his death. There is evidence of water damage because the building was neglected in the past, though not enough to initiate collapse. Structural and water based damage mechanisms are identified, and example repair strategies used at Ambel are described. The building of the Sautet Dam in physically separated Ambel from Corps and Pellafol and this forced long detours to reach the neighbouring communes. Damage in historic rammed earth structures: Or, a windmill of argent port and window sable with sails gules posed on a hillock vert. On his death the elder branch of Ambel was extinguished and the eldest daughter, Burguette, passed the lordship of Ambel to her children.
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